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Reflections on the timing of business into ERP

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After years of reform and opening up policy, moisture, our business scale, the number and capacity of both the tremendous growth, while facing the situation has undergone a qualitative change. On the one hand, foreign enterprises have entered the country to seize the market and participate in competition; the other hand, strong domestic enterprises have to go abroad and open up new ground. Both internal and external situation of fierce market competition so that all enterprises are facing new and greater challenges. In this state of affairs, under, ERP system, with its scientific Enterprise management theory, advanced information technology tools, as well as the successful application of many international famous enterprises demonstration effect, winning the enthusiastic pursuit of the business community. Many enterprises in order to improve the management level, and enhance their core competitiveness, and better compete in the market one after another ERP system leaders hope that through this way, the management of the enterprise in a short time reached the world advanced level. After years of practice, some enterprises have achieved or largely achieved its objectives; However, there are still many companies spend a lot of money, manpower and time did not achieve the intended purpose. Some give up halfway, some riding a tiger, and some simply abandoned. Although the reasons for the failure of these companies vary, but mostly with the lack of knowledge related to ERP. The enterprise itself is a complex system that links all existing operations and processes are accompanied by the growth of enterprises to adapt to internal and external environment constantly evolving. ERP is no doubt the theory advanced, scientific, and its reliance on computer software and hardware and network systems are also quite mature, but they make such a sophisticated system implanted in the external within the enterprise, for a business is being run almost all the operational processes of transformation and substitution reborn, the risk will be enormous, nor is it any business can afford individually. At least four class enterprise the moment should not be eager to guide people to ERP: The first category is at full capacity, the product in short supply company; the other is nearly the end of product life cycle, are yet to be able to occupy the market of new products, enterprises; the third category is to manage and products in a rapidly changing, has not been established enterprises; fourth class enterprises have fewer personnel and a small pocket-sized enterprise products.

Corporate life cycle in the phase of the ERP system, business leaders should choose another good opportunity.

First, full capacity, the product shortage of companies should consider the issue

Management of these enterprises are usually extremely busy, it is difficult to meet the needs of business operations. But the corporate financial position is sound, developing a bright future. Under such circumstances, often the top leadership is guiding people to the strong desire of ERP systems, hoping to quickly enhance corporate grades, and change management as soon as possible behind the status quo; the middle and lower management, ERP systems are also guiding people to the urgent requests to use it to reduce labor strength, improve work efficiency. However, it must take into account, despite the successful operation of ERP systems can improve enterprise management level, but the ERP benefits arising from the project to a real need for a fairly long period. According to the study of foreign information technology more successful projects, but also in 2067 before slowly see the benefits. Nestle, the world-famous U.S. subsidiary of the world's first brand to implement SAP's ERP software, can be described as "powerful combination", spent a full six years to basically be able to run.

Domestic famous enterprises in 1997, Hisense Group, started business information technology projects, also purchased SAP's ERP software, eight years, and only 3 under on-line units. Benchmarking Company Beijing, Beijing Information S & P analysis of General Instrument Co., Ltd. is a small and medium enterprises, from 20 (X) Information System began construction of six years, respectively on the CRM, ERP, finance, PDM, and several other modules, the next step was going to do the work of application integration. Practice has proved that, ERP on-line does not mean that success is just another beginning. After the first experience of on-line is usually about a year to adjust run-in period, after which their business should continue to follow the changes in a timely manner to the corresponding part of the ERP system, adjusted or modified. If the team on the implementation of ERP has a strong sense of responsibility and enthusiasm, there is rigorous scientific attitude, there is enough work toughness, both the flexible use of ERP universal principles and international best practices, but also the actual situation of their enterprises, the real the enterprise business process optimization, rationalization, software adjustment in place, training of skilled personnel, data were recorded with a complete, accurate, and then the ERP can only gradually to play a benefit. As the ERP's leaders the need for such a long period, which is currently at full capacity for the production of products in short supply enterprises, ERP miss out on the practical application of this much-needed product sales of golden age. For some shorter product life-cycle, if a replacement within two years is necessary to electronic products, production and sales of gold during this period is particularly valuable. Once the product life cycle into the end, even if the success of ERP implementation, the role will be little. Moreover, so far, ERP implementation of the probability of success is not significant. ,ERP,ERP,,、, but also according to the new ERP system requirements, do a new job. In addition, the backbone of business leaders, and business but also spending a lot of time to learn new knowledge, personally involved in project implementation. As a result, all those involved in the workload will be increased dramatically. This work would have been very busy backbone is undoubtedly increased the pressure of work overload. Some companies implement ERP tight, front-line operational backbone "is often four or five points before going to bed at night." This will certainly affect the workload of overload of work efficiency and quality of work, leadership and most of the major backbone overload of work is bound to affect the current production and management and its benefits, and may even lose some business development opportunities. Moreover, the time, the overload of work produced will make people sick, and even resentment, in turn, for the ERP implementation and to promote additional obstacles. Some enterprises in order to avoid this problem, once the backbone deployed specialized in ERP implementation. But the fact is, business is often the backbone of production and management of key business areas, the backbone of the transferred business will be a serious threat to the normal operation. So, this time leaders of the enterprise may not be cost-effective ERP.

I have been to such a large enterprise survey found that the company has worked with national-level professional research institute, the famous university cooperation, guiding people to spend large amount of money the United States a well-known ERP system, but has not actually cast people. It turned out that the enterprises have been overloaded with the production, and sometimes into the finished product storeroom on the product is not sold out. Many raw materials and parts suppliers directly to the enterprise warehouse leasing, or around the location of the enterprise to establish their own warehouse, the enterprise is expected to be persons receive direct requisitioned. An adequate supply of external cause of the enterprise's own book inventory of materials is often negative, and business officials believe that even the best ERP system also reach this effect. Therefore, such enterprises should be based on the actual situation of enterprises seriously weighed carefully and cautiously launched.

Second, almost the end of product life cycle, companies should consider the issue of

ERP system selection should be based enterprise product structure and its production process to identify, ERP system implementation should be based on product production and management processes to optimize enterprise management and settings, this set-up is complete and accurate product structure, process process and a series of relevant data. These data collation, perfect, recording and checking consumes a great amount of work. If the current is almost the end of product life cycle, but also did not shape a new product, then, ERP selection based on the lack of reliable, implementation and no stable foundation, operation is also of little practical value. Therefore, nearly the end of product life cycle, companies should not hurry ERP project. As the products become obsolete, marketing difficulties, such enterprises often under-funded tight. ERP launched not only a long cycle, but also expensive. To guide people to the general medium-sized enterprises internationally renowned brands of ERP software, only to be paid to Party B's costs are usually in million yuan level, leaders of the ERP software, the domestic brands need several million dollars. In addition to consulting fees paid to Company B, software costs and implementation costs, the enterprises in the research, planning, project, tendering and implementation process should also consume a large amount of manpower, material and financial resources and time, this is bound to affect the existing production and business. Business costs and losses in this area are usually far greater than the sum paid to Party B fees. If you then launched ERP, it will undoubtedly corporate finance and production and management dilemma worse. Enterprises rely on product life, if not able to occupy the market profitable products that will be difficult to sustain business operations. However, the implementation of ERP products only in accordance with existing production and management of enterprise-wide optimization of business processes in general, and can not bring new business best-selling products, but also not to extend the life of existing products in the market, so to help businesses get rid of ERP systems are not due to aging face products out of the situation. Many very famous leaders of the company's ERP system, has not resulted in a new glory, but diminish quickly; others, such as the largest U.S. drug distributor FoxMeyer companies that even collapse. Therefore, ERP, and can not solve all the problems.

Third, management, and product companies have not yet finalized the issue should be considered

ERP is a software as a carrier, but the software is not like most people imagine as "soft", it is necessary to modify it is difficult, because the software in any one change could affect other parts of the software, unless the change In software development, has been taken into account before and made the appropriate design, otherwise, any minor changes are likely to cause the entire software system in the unpredictable errors. Although the software theory and engineering for many years been trying to solve this problem, there have been some results, but so far there is no perfect solution.

As such a large and complex ERP software systems, if a change in the software design is not considered in any implementation of the staff are absolutely not altered without authorization. Even the software design and programming engineers, the development of that part of their own to make minor changes, but also through multiple tests to validate the rear dare to be delivered. Even so, it is difficult to ensure no errors. Enterprises should guide people to ERP systems, in addition to the enterprises themselves need to optimize management processes outside the set of ERP software, launched the enterprise must be based on the actual situation of optimal adjustment of manual and necessary "secondary development," even the best ERP software does not would be just perfectly suited to a particular enterprise, 'nor will automatically adapt to future changes in business. If an enterprise is in the fast-changing period, if we can not follow the business change on ERI, timely adjustment of the system, then the running of the ERP system will be out of line with their actual operation. Actual situation of the enterprise is clearly inconsistent with corporate ERP systems useless, such as management and decision-making is sufficient to give companies the losses. On the other hand, prolonged frequent manual adjustments to the ERP and revise not only affects the efficient use of ERP, but also affected the normal operation of enterprises. Therefore, such enterprises is best not to hastily ERP. ERP systems require not only to adapt to optimize the business management processes, but also need to complete and accurate product structure data, so that can only for the production, operation and decision making. If an enterprise product updates, too frequently, resulting in ERP system, the product structure data is difficult to follow up quickly, then this ERP system will lose value. Therefore, when such enterprises in the ERP project to be careful decision-making. I had been concerned about a business. This enterprise for many years a very good market and business opportunities, the annual output value and profit growth of more than 3 "and dancing, in order to adapt to this fast-growing businesses, companies every year to conduct large-scale, significant institutional adjustments. 1 r company needs analysis for this enterprise, when presenting the report, could not find the original link of the enterprise sector, and business organizations, the original framework has been distorted beyond recognition, senior management processes have taken place in dramatic change. Later, this company has not made this upcoming r hand business.

Fourth, the issue should be considered pocket-sized enterprises

After the reform and opening up the domestic appeared a large number of small businesses. Such enterprises often with unique products, low cost and flexible mode of operation in the market, vertical and horizontal Pi enjoyable, its capability. ERP software systems, but the most stress management standards, the most taboo flexible management model. ERP software system that may be the inherent characteristics of such enterprises the advantages of the conflict. The price of regular ERP costly, lengthy implementation period, it may not allow such enterprises to accept. For large enterprises, especially multinational companies, ERP has the advantage of the timely transmission of information, accurate, and management efficiency. If a small business, and only Jishihaoren, several masters of products, production sites focus on the boss always able to control all the business, then the ERP little practical value.

V. Conclusion

ERP systems can not solve all the problems, ERP leaders can not meet the actual needs of all enterprises. The successful implementation of ERP, not only with the enterprise IT planning and implementation of strategies, but not with the overall quality of the ERP implementation team, with the ERP selection and software quality related, and support for the leadership, and business management process optimization related to production and management of the enterprise foundation, but also with business leaders ERP timing or stage of development, but not with the capacity of the enterprise. ERP companies into the former, it is necessary to understand the advantages of ERP systems, but also to its full estimate of the possible side effects.

ERP systems can not solve all the problems, ERP leaders can not meet the actual needs of all enterprises. The successful implementation of ERP, not only with the enterprise IT planning and implementation of strategies, but not with the overall quality of the ERP implementation team, with the ERP selection and software quality related, and support for the leadership, and business management process optimization related to production and management of the enterprise foundation, but also with business leaders ERP timing or stage of development, but not with the capacity of the enterprise. ERP companies into the former, it is necessary to understand the advantages of ERP systems, but also to its full estimate of the possible side effects.

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