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Understand the logic of ERP

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Science and technology are advancing rapidly growing market demand for ever-changing, that many varieties, small and medium-volume, produced by order, and allow users to participate in, interactive, buffet-style to meet the individual needs of customers, using a variety of optional "configuration "service user's mode of production has become the mainstream of today's manufacturing industry. Manufacturing industry is facing in-house production of the planned disorder and external market demand, new challenges. Order the chagrin of the more exciting but double-edged sword all the time to motivate and torture the mad pursuit of profit-maximizing business and staff. Market demand is disordered, the mode of production within the Enterprise calling for a balanced and objective, continuous, rhythmic, orderly, and this contradiction is a fundamental contradiction, but also bad business to avoid conflicts, who can better solve this contradiction, Who can create a stable, harmonious environment for the production and operation, who will be able to calmly face the market, and rapid response to the market, companies will also be more capable. This time, people usually think of today's highly touted by many business managers have high hopes, and can be the best solution to resolve these contradictions and enterprise resource planning, that is, ERP.

ERP systems evolved from manufacturing resource planning MRPII evolved, has long been regarded as synonymous with enterprise information. A complete ERP system not only has strong financial management, cost control, while the production management and control of enterprises reached extremes. Throughout the system, from another visual observation throughout the narrative are in management philosophy and management thinking, their interlocking logic Jiaoren feel that their perfect combination of theory and practice, computer control and flexibility principles of art a perfect combination. Far as logistics management, production organization, planning control can be seen.

1 logistics company's initial sales order entry, technical departments, according to the order entry materials, inventory and process standards (BOM); the production department working one-to-order, please purchase orders, outsourcing list; shop check the work order to receive material orders, the implementation of work orders, input AC library list; Purchasing checking a single entry outsourcing outsourcing requisition, purchase order entry, the implementation of outsourcing orders and purchase orders; warehouse entry Jinhuo Dan Department of matching purchase orders, check the assembly plant work orders Single Entry ingredients and all the warehousing, Chu Kudan account, according to a timely review; Finally, sales of single-input marketing company delivery invoices, bringing the products in the factory of production, circulation to complete.

2, the entire logistics process through "× × single" in the form of delivery, and these documents is to plan, plan is a system, the sector is coming from the production plan for the next sector in the implementation process, the department has the responsibility to and obligations of the inspection, the implementation of tracking the completion of the next sector; under the departments have the responsibility and obligation to the department feedback on the process of implementation issues. The deviation of the process can be amended at any time, in each department has a correction of the authority, you can ask for changes in the last sector can also be its own change, but we must communicate well, the whole production is in line with the organization, collaboration, interactive.

3, plans to control the process and results of the concept is relative, the process is to a certain number of results during the description of results is the process of a particular point in time, small process the results of a small, small the results are the outcome of the process of large, ERP also understand this, you need to control to that detail, you have energy management and control to that of those details, then you put the plans to be that the details of the trade-offs, you will rationally make a choice. ERP for the manufacturing process plan, the logistics of the theoretical description is very clear, in the logic of doing a good job in-depth study, you will freely between the rigid and flexible grasp.

A clear reason, then how in the production course of business, the actual operation, that is their own problem. According to my company's many years of production management, materials management, project management and information management features so the main points:

1), do a good job plans, work out a practical, detailed plan

In any business operation, the scheme is leading to plans to start a common set record, as the saying says "look before you leap" is "thinking" is a plan a plan. According to the principle of control theory, plan management is a cycle, of course, no one can jump this cycle management.

Plans to pilot, with plans to restrict, control, and found that deviations feedback, and then manually revised, and then output, again and again. Plan of supervision and inspection department has the power of feedback from implementation of the plan department has the obligation, plan tracking, inspection, corrective feedback is the best time to plan, plan the implementation of the plan is the basis for the next round. Therefore, the development of a high-quality, scientific, and practical plan is not the planners behind closed doors can be achieved, and must rely on collective strength, to be applied to the practice comes from practice. To develop a good plan is not easy but it is necessary to reflect the level and the level of management problems, but also embodies the collaboration between departments, people on a platform of information sharing, reminded each other to higher goals iterative.

ERP program includes four levels: Production Planning - Master Production Planning - Material Requirements Planning - Workshop schedule. Production plan outline that the orders, master production schedule also is the product schedule, material requirements planning, compared with related material progress of the plan or purchase plan, workshop schedule is the processing plant within the process plan in collaboration with external process plan, which is broken down into teams and groups or the operator of the specific plan. Understand the "order" means it is very interesting, the industrial production sector decomposition of a single fact of the workshop, "order", workshop process also can be broken down according to the various teams and groups to become the "Order"; sell "orders" is the assembly shop , "Work Order", the assembly shop of the "Work Order" is the processing plant "order." Click "process route" pushed down at every level, you can define any given plan, such as the finished product on-line program, spare parts processing of plans, there are ingredients batching system, plan, receive material system may have received the material plan, feeding system, a feeding programs. The four-level scheme is relative, on one level, the plan is the next layer of the master plan. The four-level scheme is also not to say that only four programs, the plan is a system, you can need to develop more detailed plans, product information and process information number set up to that aspect of preparation of the plan will be controlled to that link, the use of product number information can be compiled to the material requirements planning, the use of the preparation of plant process information can be processed within the process schedule, technical information and product ID information in order to need each other conversion, which can be the same material, different process state for different numbers of items management, and also can be used for the same numbers are combined with the management to distinguish between the different processes. Contents of the plan in general, including varieties, specifications, quantity, timing and other parameters.

Also note that the preparation of plans for economic lot of the problems, various schemes by different factors, but the economic lot size is not the same. For example: customer demand is not necessarily the bulk of the economic lot size manufacturers; workshop between the processes of economic volume is among the conflicting, we must fine-tuning.

2), in strict accordance with the logic of ERP is planned to organize production

Documents or planned cross-checking is very important, ERP logic is doing anything should have a source of the error has any reason for such a mechanism for mutual restraint but it is a continuous management needs, production organization to strictly in accordance with implementation of the plan drawn up to plan as the standard, you can find an exception in order to find a program or performing an error occurs, not according to plan (or work orders, etc.) how can we distinguish, where the implementation has gone wrong? Such as logistics control, that is to plan as a guide to determine the direction, and when out, when in, No more, alas, no, earlier no, too late No, time and number of this parameter is always accompanied with, if unusual situation, must be immediately corrected, in the process to solve the problem, the only way to know what's what, ultimately achieving satisfactory results, whether you are doing warehouse management, doing financial management, production management, etc., are true. If you do not check the upper reaches of the data, you will lose the upper right of your reminder, but also lost the power of the upper reaches of recourse in the system, the individual, departmental powers and obligations are reciprocal. Are here also to emphasize the timeliness of audit documents, Japan accounts Nissin, logistics matter whether the information flow cash flow worth mentioning at the time described in the are of the same carrier, but the angle of the different stations, the concept of a different call, under normal circumstances, information flows are timely, it and the logistics of the high degree of unity, is the ideal state, is our eternal goal, but also people are the only way to make the right decisions. Would also like to remind everyone that the plan is established, that is the standard, that is, norms, that is the key link, plans legislation after the first break, the plan does not change the original implementation of the plan will still proceed out of the responsibility borne by the planning department, which is an implementation of the plan discipline and principles. Logistics is the material flow, flow, quantity and time, the logistics to be mobile and static, separate materials management can not be called the logistics, and plans for only the combination of scheduling and organization of knot together, and in order to have the definition of logistics.

3), the use of ERP learn to look at daily, monthly

ERP system's data is dynamic and is changing all the time, and only master of the details of the process, the results of data, in order to grasp the pulse beat of production in order to make the appropriate decision-making, ERP provides a variety of reports , to give you a pair of eye, so you're fine insight into MSCRM; to give you a pair of hands, let you grasp the details of the transaction; God to give you a pen, so you conclude that disorder in the rules; to give you a platform to , so that you feel the interaction and sharing the fun of control; give you a career, so that your labor, after the sweet taste bitter.

Of today's typical to-order production of machinery processing enterprises, the product of great personality, are many varieties, small and medium volume production, this mode of production of today's manufacturing industry is the mainstream model, many enterprises are struggling to explore solutions to market demand without an orderly sequence and production of this eternal conflict, when the implementation of ERP distance the enterprise can be described as unique. With this tool, but does not explain this tool will be used, when the people were rejoicing that such a high-tech tools to integrate the management of people's profound ideological manifestation of man freed from the tedious work out of time, we must understand the logic of ERP systems should be carried out strictly in accordance with material requirements planning, so that collar material checking work orders, purchase orders and other cross-checking library. If the work arbitrary large, it will cause the cost of imputation, planning, materials processing and so on account of trouble. If left unchecked, a vicious cycle, the consequences would be disastrous, it would be contrary to corporate ERP upgrade on the management level in mind.


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